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New Paper published in Advanced Functional Materials

Sulfate-Assisted Interfacial Engineering for High Yield and Efficiency of Triple Cation Perovskite Solar Cells with Alkali-Doped TiO2 Electron-Transporting Layers

Trilok Singh, Senol Öz, Alexander Sasinska, Robert Frohnhoven, Sanjay Mathur, Tsutomu Miyasaka

Abstract

Facile electron injection and extraction are two key attributes desired in electron transporting layers to enhance the efficiency of planar perovskite solar cells. Herein it is demonstrated that the incorporation of alkali metal dopants in mesoporous TiO2 can effectively modulate electronic conductivity and improve the charge extraction process by counterbalancing oxygen vacancies acting as nonradiative recombination centers. Moreover, sulfate bridges (SO42−) grafted on the surface of K-doped mesoporous titania provide a seamless integration of absorber and electron-transporting layers that accelerate overall transport kinetics. Potassium doping markedly influences the nucleation of the perovskite layer to produce highly dense films with facetted crystallites. Solar cells made from K:TiO2 electrodes exhibit power conversion efficiencies up to 21.1% with small hysteresis despite all solution coating processes conducted under ambient air conditions (controlled humidity: 25-35%). The higher device efficiencies are attributed to intrinsically tuned electronic conductivity and chemical modification of grain boundaries enabling uniform coverage of perovskite films with large grain size.

Adv. Funct. Mater. 2018, 1706287.

Öffnet externen Link in neuem FensterDOI:10.1002/adfm.201706287

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